英國政府強化管制政策執行與順服策略之探討

 

胡至沛

行政管理學系

billhu0711@gamil.com

 

摘要

        The regulatory reform has been the important issue for governments during the last three decades, and in the process of this reform, OECD countries are particularly called this as pursuing the “better regulation” or “regulatory governance”. Baldwin et al. (2010) have pointed out that this reform movement, which pursues better regulation, consists of two parts: first, through a rational decision-making process to improve the government's regulatory policy quality, and secondly, unlike the command and control approach in the past, better management style is the tendency to use more informal and low intervention strategy. In March 2005, the British Ministry of Treasure published the Hampton reform report which fully response the two important features of the better regulation. This article is focused on the British government how to develop and design the regulatory enforcement and compliance strategy since Hampton report in 2005.Through using the literature analysis, this article analyzed and summarized the five institutional characteristics, and classified the three important enforcement and strategy’s types, such as the financial, non-financial, and alternatives sanction tools. Finally, taking the food safety policy as an example, this article also analyzes the differences between the current design of the British and Taiwan government in enforcing the policy implementation. It shows that both countries devote to put considerable resources and efforts in promoting food safety. However, in practice, the British government mainly gives priority to using various methods of advices or notices, and even encourages voluntary cooperation among manufacturers. Although there are strict criminal liability and penalties in its regulation, it is not the most important strategy to promote policy compliance.

關鍵字: Regulatory Reform, Better Regulation,Regulatory Enforcement and Compliance, Hampton Report,Regulatory Enforcement and Sanction Act 2008

 

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